Cross Cutting Issues

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Cross Cutting Issues

There are important cross-cutting issues that need to be taken into consideration when addressing COVID-19-specific and COVID-19-sensitive programs.

This third category includes five sections: 1) Coordination; 2) Ethics; 3) Protection; 4) Gender; and 5) Logistics.

Coordination
No individual government, organization or initiative has the capacity to address the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic alone. Coordinated efforts can increase effectiveness, reduce duplication and promote synergies. Yet, the multiplicity of actors, visions, scope of action, and expertise make it a complex endeavour, especially when all societies are affected, and all sectors, well beyond the medical and public health sectors, are implicated. Which coordination mechanisms are most suited to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic in humanitarian settings? How does the humanitarian sector engage with a multitude of different actors?
Guidance
Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Coordination – Operational Planning Guidelines to support country preparedness and response
WHO, February 12 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Coordination – Public Health Emergency Operation Centre Network (EOC-NET)
WHO

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Coordination – Scaling-up COVID-19 outbreak readiness and response operations in humanitarian situations, including Camps and Camp-like settings
IASC, March 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Coordination – How to adapt your data collection for monitoring and accountability
CARTong, April 7 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Coordination 
COVID-19 Remote MERL guidance
Mercy Corps, March 19 2020
Field Context Specific Adaptations and Innovations
Uploaded when available.
Ethics
Do no harm is a fundamental principle in humanitarian response as are humanitarian principles, human rights, and refugee law. Adaptation and innovation to the pandemic is necessary, but should be undertaken within an ethical framework to ensure communities are involved throughout and that they meet a high ethical standard.

Better evidence is needed to improve the response to the COVID-19 pandemic. To ensure ethical research, it is important to respect key universal ethical standards. They should be adhered to by researchers, review bodies, funders, publishers, and pharmaceutical companies during an emergency.
Guidance
Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Ethics
Ethical standards for research during public health emergencies: Distilling existing guidance to support COVID-19 R&D
WHO, 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Ethics
Ethical considerations in responding to the COVID-19 pandemic Nuffield Council on Bioethics, March 17 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Ethics
Research in Global Health Emergencies
Nuffield Council on Bioethics, January 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Ethics
Legal and ethical considerations for public health and social measures
Vital Strategies, April 2020
Field Context Specific Adaptations and Innovations
Uploaded when available.
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Protection

Protection of persons affected by humanitarian emergencies is elemental to preparedness and response to COVID-19. All COVID-19 specific and sensitive interventions should have protection elements considered at all stages.

Guidance:

General Protection
Operating in humanitarian settings requires particular attention to the protection of the human rights and security of affected populations. As countries are changing their policies in ways that affect the most vulnerable populations, humanitarian actors must ensure that these populations receive equitable recognition and services when adapting their programs for COVID-19 response.
Guidance
Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection General Protection Protection of Children during the Coronavirus Pandemic (Technical Note)
Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action, March 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection General Protection
COVID-19 response in resource-limited settings with reference to migrant and mobile populations
IOM, March 30 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection General Protection
Operationalizing Protection during COVID-19 Case Studies and Practices from the Field
UNHCR, March 27 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection General Protection
Practical Recommendations and Good Practice to Address Protection Concerns in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic
UNHCR, April 9 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection General Protection
Note on the Protection of Migrants in the face of the COVID-19 Pandemic
ICRC, April 8 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection General Protection
Technical Note of COVID-19 and Harmful Practices
UNICEF, April 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection General Protection
Preparedness, prevention and control of coronavirus disease for refugees and migrants in non camp settings
WHO, April 17 2020
Field Context Specific Adaptations and Innovations
Uploaded when available.
Sexual and Gender-Based Violence
Sexual and Gender based violence tends to increase in all emergencies, due to the likely disruptions of the legal, social and political structures. Emerging evidence during COVID-19 points to spikes in domestic violence, as well as abuse towards female health workers. Contingency measures, such as suspension of education or restriction of movement, can also expose specific groups of the population to high risks of sexual abuse or exploitations.
Guidance
Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection SGBV COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic NGO ABAAD, May 27 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection SGBV
Prevention and response to sexual and gender-based violence in COVID-19 quarantine centres: Recommendations and best practice
ICRC, May 1 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection SGBV
Gender Alert for COVID-19 Outbreak
IASC, March 31 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection SGBV - Protection from sexual exploitation and abuse (PSEA) during COVID-19 response
WHO UNFPA UNICEF UNHRC WFP IOM OCHA CHS Alliance InterAction, UN Victims Rights Advocate, March 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection SGBV - Guidelines for Integrating Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Action
IASC, 2015

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection SGBV - Case Management, GBVIMS/GBVIMS+ and the COVID-19 pandemic
GMVIMS+, April 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection SGBV - Identifying and Mitigating Gender-Based Violence Risks within the COVID19 Response
IASC and Global Protection Cluster, April 6 2020
Field Context Specific Adaptations and Innovations
Uploaded when available.
Diversity and Inclusion
Certain populations, such as those that are marginalized, high-risk, and people with disabilities may face greater consequences from COVID-19 than the general population. Including these groups in program adaptations and response is critical.
Guidance
Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection Diversity and Inclusion
COVID-19 Outbreak and Persons with Disabilities
UNDESA, May 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection Diversity and Inclusion
Disability considerations during the COVID-19 outbreak
WHO, March 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection Diversity and Inclusion
Inclusive Programming during the time of coronavirus
ICRC, March 27 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection Diversity and Inclusion
COVID-19: How to include marginalized and vulnerable people in risk communication and community engagement
Inter-Agency, March 13 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection Diversity and Inclusion
Disability Inclusive Social Protection Response to COVID-19 Crisis
ILO UNICEF UNPRPD, April 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection Diversity and Inclusion
Implications for COVID-19 for older persons
UNFPA, April 24 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Protection Diversity and Inclusion
Age, gender and diversity considerations COVID-19
UNHCR, March 21 2020
Field Context Specific Adaptations and Innovations
Uploaded when available.
Gender
Recognising the extent to which COVID-19 pandemic affects women, men and LGBTQl differently is fundamental to inform preparedness and response plans. Gender-analysis and gender-integrated response are vital to ensure access and acceptability of humanitarian services.
Guidance
Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Gender
Gender Alert for COVID-19 Outbreak
IASC, March 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Gender
COVID-19: A gender lens
UNFPA, March 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Gender - Guidelines for protecting the rights of women and children during the COVID-19 pandemic
Amnesty International, IPPF, Women's Link Worldwide, April 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Gender
COVID-19 and women's human rights
OHCHR, April 15 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Gender
Adaptation of dignity kits & revision of distribution standards for risk mitigation during COVID-19 pandemic
UNFPA, April 10 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Gender
Gender Implications of COVID19 outbreaks in development and humanitarian settings
CARE, March 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Gender
Global Rapid Gender Analysis for COVID-19
CARE IRC, March 2020
Field Context Specific Adaptations and Innovations
Uploaded when available.
Logistics
Public health and general logistics services are an essential part during a public health emergency and cover a variety of functions including the maintenance and distribution of stockpiles; transport of humanitarian staff, medical equipment, as well as infectious substances for laboratory testing, among many other aspects. Current travel restrictions and access to countries pose new challenges to moving people and material that will affect the capacity of humanitarian organizations to respond.
Guidance
Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Logistics
Disease Commodity Package
WHO, March 6 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Logistics
Severe Acute Respiratory Infections (SARI) Treatment Centre
WHO, March 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Logistics
Essential resource planning
WHO, May 2020

Guidance: Cross Cutting Issues Logistics – Guidance on regulations for the transport of infectious substances 2019-2020
WHO, January 1 2019
Field Context Specific Adaptations and Innovations
Uploaded when available.
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1. Which specific intervention within the specific program area that you chose, do you want to document?

2. How did you specifically implement it (COVID-specific) or adapt it (COVID-sensitive; what changes/modications)? Did you add a new activity in your program, did you change its focus, did you change the way/modality it was implemented?

3. Why did you decide to adapt it this way? Explain the contextual considerations amongst other issues.

4. What challenges did you have in adaptation?

5. Which resources (financial, human, supplies/logistics) did you need?

6. Is it working as intended or not? Please explain regardless of outcome.

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